Features of Positive Developmental Settings

Physical and Psychological Safety

Appropriate Structure

Supportive Relationships

Opportunities to Belong

Positive Social Norms

Support for Efficacy and Mattering

Opportunities for Skill Building

Integration of Family, School, and Community Efforts
 

Personal & Social Assets that Facilitate Positive Youth Development

Physical Development

Intellectual Development

Psychological and Emotional Development

Social Development
 

Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Erik Psychosocial Development and YouthBuild Summary Chart

 Stage                                         Ages                                         BasicConflict                  Program Cycle for Adolescents
1. Oral-Sensory Birth to 12 to 18 months Trust
   vs. 
Mistrust
Learn to trust in the caring, competence, resourcefulness and fairness of program staff and safety of the program environment 
2. Muscular-Anal 18 months to 3 years Autonomy
   vs.                            Shame/Doubt
Negotiate an acceptable range of autonomy in behavior and
decision-making, learning to respect program rules and
value guidance.
3. Locomotor 3 to 6 years Initiative
   vs. 
Guilt
Initiate an honest attempt to collaborate with staff and peers toward elf-development goals, learning to cope or
overcome feelings of ambivalence, sometimes from
survivor's guilt.
4. Latency 6 to 12 years Industry 
   vs.
Inferiority
Strive industriously to achieve program related goals, including learning new strategies for living and mastering new skills.
5. Adolescence 12 to 18
years
 Identity 
   vs. 
Role Confusion
Resolve any tensions between old and new belief's about
one's self. Assimilate a focused and positive identity thatfosters a healthy life style, satisfaction with one's self and a sense of positive anticipation about one's future.
6. Young Adulthood 19 to 40
years
Intimacy 
   vs.
Isolation
Consolidate friendships with other trainees and some
program staff, while drifting away from less constructive
past associations.
7. Middle Adulthood 40 to 65 years Generativity
   vs.
Stagnation
Help to improve the program and to leave it in good
condition for later cohorts of trainees who will enter future
cycles of the program.
8. Maturity 65 to death Ego Integrity 
   vs.
Despair
Person leaves the program knowing that they have done their best and can look back with pride at performance and
achievements.

See the study of YouthBuild by Ferguson, R. and J. Snipes (1997)
in Community Programs to Promote Youth Development,
National Research Council, National Academy Press (2002)